Carla D. Pratt Publications, Presentations, and Other Activity

Articles in Law Reviews

"Assessing the Viability of Race Neutral Alternatives in Law School Admissions," 102 Iowa Law Review 2187 (2017) (with Eboni Nelson and Ronald Pitner).

"The End of Indeterminacy in Affirmative Action," 48 Valparaiso University Law Review 535 (2014).

"Judging Identity," 36 Thomas Jefferson Law Review 83 (2014).

"Sisters In Law: Black Women Lawyers’ Struggle for Advancement," 2012 Michigan State Law Review 1777 (2012).

"Way to Represent: The Role of Black Lawyers in Contemporary American Democracy," 77 Fordham Law Review 1409 (2009).

"Loving Indian Style: Maintaining Racial Caste and Tribal Sovereignty through Sexual Assimilation," 2007 Wisconsin Law Review 409.

"Taking Diversity Seriously: Affirmative Action And The Democratic Role of Law Schools: A Response To Professor Brown," 43 Houston Law Review 55 (2006).

"Tribes and Tribulations: Beyond Sovereign Immunity and Toward Reparation and Reconciliation for the Estelusti," 11 Washington and Lee Race and Ethnic Ancestry Law Journal 61 (2005).

"Tribal Kulturkampf: The Role of Race Ideology in Constructing Native American Identity," 35 Seton Hall Law Review 1241 (2005).

"Should Klansmen Be Lawyers? Racism as an Ethical Barrier to the Legal Profession," 30 Florida State University Law Review 857 (2003).

"In the Wake of Hopwood: An Update on Affirmative Action in the Education Arena," 42 Howard Law Journal 451 (Spring 1999).

Books and Monographs

Beyond Imagination?: The January 6 Insurrection (with Mark C. Alexander et al.) (West Academic Publishing, 2022).

The End of the Pipeline: A Journey of Recognition for African Americans Entering the Legal Profession (with Dorothy Evensen) (Carolina Academic Press, 2012).

Chapters in Books

"White Supremacy’s Threat to U.S. Democracy," in Beyond Imagination?: The January 6 Insurrection (Mark C. Alexander et al.) (West Academic Publishing, 2022).

"Sisters In Law: Black Women Lawyer's Struggle for Advancement," in Gender, Power, Law & Leadership (authored by Hannah Brenner and Renee Knake) (West Academic Publishing, 2020).

"Hip Hop Prosecutors Heeding the Call for Criminal Justice Reform" in Hip Hop and the Law: The Key Writings that Formed the Movement (edited by Pamela Bridgewater et al.) (Carolina Academic Press, 2015).

"Loving in Indian Territory: Tribal Miscegenation Law in Historical Perspective" in Loving v. Virginia in a Post-Racial World: Rethinking Race, Sex and Marriage (edited by Kevin Noble Maillard & Rose Cuison Villazor) (Cambridge Academic Press, 2012).

Other Publications

"Is the Legal Profession Finally Ready for the Institutional Change Necessary to Yield Greater Diversity?," 89:6 The Journal of the Kansas Bar Association 19 (July/August 2020).

"Legal Education Crisis Calls for Law Schools to Better Prepare Students for the Bar Exam," Pennsylvania Lawyer (September/October 2017).

"Fulfill Justice Scalia’s Legacy by Appointing His Replacement," Lancaster Newspapers and LancasterOnline (February 21, 2016).

"Teacher Evaluations Could Be Hurting Faculty Diversity at Universities," Room for Debate - The New York Times (December 16, 2015).

"Law School: Still A Good Investment for African Americans," National Law Journal (September 3, 2012).

"Slavery’s Long Shadow," Tribal Rights v. Racial Justice," Room for Debate - The New York Times (September 16, 2011).

"Discover Your Inner Racist," 4:1 Lancaster Voice (January/February 2007).

"The Case for Diversity: Enhancing the Legal Profession," Pennsylvania Lawyer, (March/April 2006).

Essay, "To Assimilate or Not to Assimilate? That Is the Question," in African American Law School Survival Guide: Information, Advice and Strategies to Prepare You for the Challenges of the Law School Experience (Evangeline M. Mitchel, Editor) (Hope’s Promise Publishing, 2006).

Media Engagement

Panelist, "Supreme Court Special Edition," Lawyer's Den, IBM.TV, October 12, 2020.

Keynote Speaker, "Living The Dream Recognizes Topeka Leaders that Continue Dr. King's Legacy," Martin Luther King Jr. Luncheon, Topeka, Kansas, WIBW-TV, January 17, 2020.

Commentator, "Race and the Death Penalty—The case of Tookie Williams," Fox News, The O’Reilly Factor, December 15, 2005.

Commentator, "Personal responsibility in low income Black communities," Fox News, The O’Reilly Factor, June 30, 2005.


"Roots of American Identity," Panel on Beyond Imagination?: The January 6 Insurrection Book Project, Association of American Law Schools(AALS) Annual Meeting, AALS Authors Meet Readers, January 6, 2022 (virtual).

Panelist, "Women of Color in the Legal Profession: Realism, Resistance and Well-being," American Bar Association Young Lawyers Division Women of Color Task Force, October 20, 2021 (virtual).

Moderator, "Best Practices in Lawyer Retention and Career Development," Black Lawyers Matter Conference, October 15, 2021 (virtual).

Panelist, "Law Deans Antiracist Clearinghouse Project," The 16th Annual National Black Pre-Law Conference and Law Fair - Virtual Experience, November 14, 2020.

Co-Presenter, "Racialized Trauma and Fatigue Among Academic Activists," Social Justice in Action, A Virtual Series Sponsored by The Society of American Law Teachers (SALT), September 18, 2020.

"Black Lawyers Matter," Teach-In on Racial Justice and the Law, Boston University School of Law virtual event, September 8, 2020.

Keynote Speaker, "The Color of Justice," 28th Annual Black History and Scholarship Banquet, Kansas City, Kansas, February 1, 2020.

Presenter, Black Pre-Law Talks session, The 15th Annual National Black Pre-Law Conference and Law Fair 2019, Columbia Law School, New York City, New York, November 8, 2019.

Panelist, "A Reflection on Civil Rights Agendas of the Past," 16th Annual Wiley A. Branton Symposium, Howard University School of Law, Washington, D.C., October 29, 2019.

Panelist, "The 1619 Project," Washburn University, Topeka, Kansas, October 7, 2019 (commemorating the arrival of the first African slaves to North America, with the landing of two slave ships at Port Comfort, Virginia).

Panelist, "Uncomfortable Conversations About Legal Education — Student Debt, Diversity, And More," American Bar Association Young Lawyers Division and Law School Transparency Symposium, American Bar Association Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, August 8, 2019.

"Understanding Our Hidden Brain," 2019 Selected Topics and Miscellany CLE, Washburn University School of Law, Topeka, Kansas, June 27, 2019.

Presenter, Annual Juneteenth Celebration Event, Kansas Attorney General’s Office, Topeka, Kansas, June 19, 2019 (commemorating the 400th year after the first enslaved people were brought to the United States in 1619).

"Outsourcing the Administration of Justice Undermines Tribal Sovereignty," The Sovereignty Symposium XXXII, Discussion of the Concerns of State, Federal and Tribal Judges, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, June 6, 2019.

Keynote Speaker, Association of Legal Writing Directors (ALWD) 2019 Biennial Conference, Suffolk Law School, Boston, Massachusetts, May 30, 2019 (with University of Oregon School of Law Dean Marcilynn Burke).

Panelist, "Why ideological diversity is no substitute for identity diversity," Association of American Law Schools (AALS) President’s Program on Diversity, San Francisco, California, January 4, 2017.

Panelist, "Fisher II," Association of American Law Schools (AALS) Plenary Program, Preparing a Diverse Profession to Serve a Diverse World, San Francisco, California, January 5, 2017.

"Assessing the Viability of Race Neutral Law School Admissions," Diversity Summit hosted by Erwin Chemerinsky, University of California Irvine Law School, Irvine, California, October 10, 2016.

Commencement Speaker, "Lakota Lessons for Lawyers," University of North Dakota School of Law, Grand Forks, North Dakota, May 7, 2016.

Panelist, "The Reality of Race in Legal Education, Savannah," Access Group Legal Education Research Symposium, Trends in Law School Access and Diversity, Georgia, November 9, 2015.

"Affirmative Action in Comparative Perspective," South African Law Teachers Conference, Varsity College, Durban, South Africa, July 6, 2015.

Panelist and Member of Organizing Committee, "Learning About Retention from African American Lawyers and Law Students," Law School Admission Council (LSAC) Retention Conference, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, William S. Boyd School of Law, Las Vegas, Nevada, April 8-10, 2015.

Opening Plenary Speaker, "The Elephant in the Pipeline," Southeast/Southwest People of Color (SESWPOC) Scholarship Conference, North Carolina Central University School of Law, Durham, North Carolina, March 20, 2015.

Panelist, "Improving the Classroom Experience for Underrepresented Minority Students," Cultivating Alliances and Committing to a Culture of Racial and Ethnic Inclusion in Legal Education, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York, October 17, 2014.

Panelist, "Legal Education As a Sound Investment for African Americans," The Law School Bubble and Its Effect on African American Students, St. John’s University School of Law, Jamaica, New York, October 10, 2014.

Panelist, "Whiteness As Tribal Property," Multiracial Identity, University of California Los Angeles School of Law, Los Angeles, California, October 4, 2014.

Panelist, "Tribal Members As Tribal Judges Are Essential to Maintaining Sovereignty," The Sovereignty Symposium, The Tribal Court Perspective, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, June 4, 2014.

Panelist, "Access to Legal Education for All," Association of American Law Schools (AALS) Annual Meeting Workshop, New York, New York January 5, 2014.

Panelist, "The Role of Associate Deans," Diversity in Law School Leadership Conference, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, October 11-12, 2013.

Constitution Day Speaker, "The Indeterminacy and Double Bind of Affirmative Action," University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland, September 17, 2013.

Panelist, "Rethinking Law School Admissions After Fisher," Opportunity or Blockage? Fisher v. Texas and the Educational Pipeline to the Legal Profession, American Bar Association Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, August 9, 2013.

Panelist, "The End of Indeterminacy in Affirmative Action," Post Fisher: The Future of Diversity in Law School Admissions, National Bar Association Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, July 29, 2013.

Panelist, "African Americans’ Path to the Profession," Diversity in the Legal Profession Symposium, Widener University School of Law, Wilmington, Delaware, April 25, 2013.

Keynote Speaker, "The End of the Pipeline," National Black Pre-Law Conference and Law Fair, Houston, Texas. November 2, 2012.

"Navigating the BA to JD Pipeline," Society of American Law Teachers (SALT) Workshop, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, October 26, 2012.

"The Pipeline for African Americans Entering the Legal Profession," National Association for Law Placement (NALP) Diversity and Inclusion Summit, Atlanta, Georgia, June 7-8, 2012.

"Sisters In Law: Black Women Lawyers’ Struggle for Advancement," Symposium on Gender and the Legal Profession’s Pipeline to Power, Michigan State University College of Law, East Lansing, Michigan, April 13, 2012.

Panelist, "A Dred Scott Revival: At the Intersection of Citizenship, Race and Originalism," Law Culture and Humanities Conference, Texas Wesleyan University, Fort Worth, Texas, March 17, 2012.

Keynote Speaker, "The End of the Pipeline," Skadden, Arps Honors Program / City University of New York (CUNY) Pipeline Program, New York, New York, February 10, 2012.

"The End of the Pipeline: A Journey of Recognition for African Americans Entering the Legal Profession," Georgetown Law School, Washington D.C., January 30, 2012.

Moderator and Planning Committee Member, "Innovations at the Intersections of Scholarship, Teaching and Practice and Organizing and Financing Law Schools," Association of American Law Schools (AALS) Annual Meeting, Workshop on the Future of the Legal Profession and Legal Education, Washington, D.C., January 5, 2012.

Speaker, "IndiVisible: African-Native American Lives in the Americas," Bank of America, Merrill Lynch, Native American Professional Network (NAPN) New York, New York, November 30, 2011.

Panelist, "The End Of The Pipeline: A Journey Of Recognition For African Americans Entering The Legal Profession," National Bar Association Annual Meeting, Baltimore, Maryland, August, 2011 (with Dorothy Evensen).

"Racial Stratification in the Legal Profession," Lutie A. Lytle Black Women Law Faculty Workshop, Texas Southern University School of Law, Houston, Texas, June 16-19, 2011.

Panelist, "The Journey to the Legal Profession for Black Laywers," Law and Society Conference, Race and Lawyering: Slave Lawyers, Black Lawyers and the Historically black colleges and universities (HBCU), San Francisco, California, June 2-5, 2011.

Book Commentator, Loving in a Post-Racial World: New Legal Approaches To Interracial Marriages And Relationships (Kevin Noble Maillard & Rose Cuison Villazor eds., 2011), Michigan State University College of Law, East Lansing, Michigan, February, 2011.

Panelist, "From Cottonfields to Courtrooms: The Evolving Path to the Legal Profession for Blacks," LatCrit XV, Denver, Colorado, October 7-10, 2010.

Panelist, "The End of the Pipeline in the New Millennium: Using Stories from New African American Attorneys to Inform Theories of Intervention," Third National People of Color Legal Scholarship Conference, Seton Hall University School of Law, Newark, New Jersey, September 9-12, 2010.

Panelist, "Post Racialism In Indian Country," Association of American Law Schools (AALS) Workshop on “Post Racial” Civil Rights Law, Politics and Legal Education: New and Old Color Lines in the Age of Obama, New York, New York, June 8-10, 2010.

Roundtable Discussant, "Diversity in the Legal Profession: Equality and Justice in the Obama Era," SE/SWPOCC, University of South Carolina School of Law, Columbia, South Carolina, March 26, 2010.

Panelist, LatCrit XIV, "Loving in Indian Territory: Tribal Miscegenation Law in Historical Perspective," American University Washington College of Law, Washington, D.C., October 2, 2009.

"Whiteness in Indian Country," White Spaces Conference, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom, July 8, 2009.

Roundtable Discussion Leader, "Critical Race Theory and Indigenous Peoples," Critical Race 20 Conference, University of Iowa College of Law, Iowa City, Iowa, April 2-4, 2009.

MLK Day Speaker, "Is Obama Evidence of a Post-Racial America?" National Bar Association, Homer S. Brown Law Association, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, January 19, 2009.

"The Role of the Black Lawyer in American Democracy," Colloquium on The Role of the Lawyer in Contemporary Democracy, sponsored by the Stein Ethics Center, Fordham University School of Law, New York City, New York, September, 2008.

"Law Defining Existence: Exploring the Psychological Corollary to the Legal Illegitimation Of Multiracial Identity," International Congress of Law and Mental Health, Padua, Italy, June 25-30, 2007.

"The Racialization of Indian Identity: Tribal Sovereignty at the Tipping Point," Federal Bar Association, 32nd Annual Indian Law Conference, April 20, 2007.

"Loving Indian Style: Maintaining Racial Caste and Tribal Sovereignty Through Sexual Assimilation," University of Wisconsin, November 10, 2006.

Native American History Month Speaker, "The Role of Law In Constructing an Africanless Indian Identity," Ithaca College, Ithaca, New York, October 30, 2006.

"Inter-Group Conflict and Coalition," Association of American Law Schools Annual Meeting, January 6, 2006.

Commentator, "The Frankel Lecture, Taking Diversity Seriously: Affirmative Action and the Democratic Role of Law Schools: A Response To Professor Brown," University of Houston Law School, Houston, Texas, November 3, 2005.

Professional Service

Member, Kansas Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, August 2020 (four year term).

ABA, Site Inspection Team Member, Mercer University School of Law, February, 2014.

LSAC, Member, Diversity Committee, July 2013- July 2017

  • Chair, LSAC/SOGI Subcommittee, July 2015- July 2017.
  • Member, HBCU, HACU, TCU Subcommittee, July 2013- June 2015.
  • Member, Investment Policy Oversight Committee, July 2011- June 2013.

AALS, Law School Delegate, 2015-17

  • Annual Meeting Workshop Planning Committee, July 2011-January 2012.
  • Editor, AALS Minority Groups Section Newsletter, 2003- 2006.

Outside Reviewer for Promotion and Tenure Applications

  • Saint Louis University, School of Law, 2017-2018.
  • University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, School of Law, 2016-2017.
  • Syracuse University College of Law, 2011-2012.
  • University of Seattle, College of Arts and Sciences, Dept. of Political Science (2012-13); Denver University Sturm College of Law, 2012-2013.
  • Thomas Jefferson School of Law, 2014-2015.

Honors and Awards

Co-recipient, M. Shanara Gilbert Human Rights Award awarded to the Law Deans Antiracist Clearinghouse Project by the Society of American Law Teachers (SALT), January 7, 2022.

Recipient, Education Award, Seventh Annual Women of Influence Awards, hosted by GO Topeka and the Women’s Initiative Committee, October 28, 2021.

2019 Honoree for significant contribution to the Topeka community during Black History Month program, February 16, 2020 (Topeka Religion Roundup: Church to Honor Key Contributors to Community on Sunday).

Recipient, AALS Impact Award, 2021: Law Deans Antiracist Clearinghouse (with Danielle M. Conway, Danielle Holley-Walker, Kimberly Mutcherson, Angela Onwuachi-Willig) (award introduction, 17:50; Pratt discussion of Clearinghouse, 38:58)